Asperger syndrome is also known as Asperger’s syndrome. It is a developmental disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and non-verbal communication, as well as limited and repetitive behavioral and interest patterns.
As a mild Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) it differs from other ASDs by a relatively normal language and intelligence. Although not required for diagnosis, physical awkwardness and unusual language usage are common. Signs usually start two years ago and usually take the entire life of a person.
The exact cause of Asperger is unknown. The underlying genetics is probably partly inherited, but not conclusively determined. It is assumed that environmental factors also play a role. Brain Imaging has not identified a common underlying problem. Asperger’s diagnosis was removed in 2013 in the fifth issue of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5). People with these symptoms are now involved in autism spectrum disorder. PDD-NOS). It will remain in the tenth edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) until 2015.
There is no single treatment and the effectiveness of certain interventions is supported only by limited data. The treatment is said to improve poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical awkwardness. Interventions may include social competence training, cognitive behavioral therapy, physiotherapy, speech therapy, parent training and medications for related issues such as mood or anxiety. Most children improve with growing up. However, there are usually social and communication difficulties.
It is estimated that Asperger affected 37.2 million people worldwide in 2015. The syndrome is named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger, who in 1944 described in his practice children who lacked non-verbal communication, who did not understand other feelings well and are physically awkward. The modern concept of Asperger’s Syndrome came into being in 1981 and went through a period of popularization.